California Oil, Gas, and Groundwater Program

Publication: Reports and Papers


Year Published:

Publication Information:


Everett, R.R., Kjos, A., Brown, A.A., Gillespie, J.M., and McMahon, P.B.


U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1114, 8 p.



The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the California State Water Resources Control Board, is evaluating several questions about oil and gas development and groundwater resources in California, including (1) the location of groundwater resources; (2) the proximity of oil and gas operations and groundwater and the geologic materials between them; (3) the location of evidence (or no evidence) of fluids from oil and gas sources in groundwater; and (4) the pathways or processes responsible when fluids from oil and gas sources are present in groundwater (U.S. Geological Survey, 2019). As part of this evaluation, the USGS installed a multiple-well monitoring site in the southern San Joaquin Valley near Lost Hills, California, adjacent to the Lost Hills oil field. Data collected at the Lost Hills multiple-well monitoring site (LHSP) provide information about the geology, hydrology, geophysics, and geochemistry of the aquifer system, thus enhancing understanding of relations between adjacent groundwater and the Lost Hills oil field in an area where there is little groundwater data. This report presents construction information for the LHSP and initial geohydrologic data collected from the site.